Hassan Mohammed and Omran Musa Abbas
J. Agri. Res. Adv., 04 (03):01-10
Hassan Mohammed: Lecturer at SUST
Omran Musa Abbas: Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan
Article History: Received on: 24-Jan-22, Accepted on: 23-Aug-22, Published on: 14-Sep-22
Corresponding Author: Hassan Mohammed
Citation: Abbas OM and Mohammed HI (2022). Application of a knowledge-based decision support model for soil tilth assessment. J. Agri. Res. Adv., 04 (03):01-10
Aim: The main objective of the study was to apply a developed knowledge-based decision support model for soil tilth assessment, based on the "tilth index", to help to select the suitable method for conducting tillage operation.
Materials and Methods: A field experiment was conducted using a randomized design with a strip-plot arrangement, and three replications to quantify the effects of four tillage implements (chisel, disc harrow, disc plow, ridging and split ridging, and wide level disc), on soil physical properties, tilth index of seedbed preparation of Sesame crop (Sesamum indicum L.), in El Seleit Irrigation Scheme in Botana area, during seasons 2018 and 2019.
Results: The highest values of moisture content were at Wide Level Disc and the lowest values were with Chisel. The highest values of soil bulk density were under Disc Harrow tillage which was more than Chisel strips, and the lowest values were under Ridging and Wide Level Disc. The highest values of soil porosity were under Chisel plow and at the Wide Level Disc and the lowest values were under Disc Harrow which was less than Chisel strips. The highest values of soil penetration resistance were under the Mould board, and Chisel plow, and the lowest values were under the Mould board. The tillage methods significantly affected the plant yield. The highest value of Sesame yield was at the Disc Harrow and the lowest value was at Chisel. The tillage operations followed the same trend of polynomial relation operation with crop yields.
Conclusion: It was concluded that shallow and intermediate tillage treatments along with disc harrow and wide level disc operation were found inferior in improving soil physical properties. Tilth index rank top the non-soil inversion operations (Chisel plow and double disc).