Original research (Published On: 25-Dec-2022)

Assessment of household food security and its determinants in Ethiopia

Mekonnen Hailu Kebede

J. Agri. Res. Adv., 04 (04):20-26

Mekonnen Hailu Kebede: Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Article History: Received on: 18-Jul-22, Accepted on: 20-Dec-22, Published on: 25-Dec-22

Corresponding Author: Mekonnen Hailu Kebede


Citation: Hailu MK (2022). Assessment of household food security and its determinants in Ethiopia. J. Agri. Res. Adv., 04 (04):20-26


Aim: The main objective of the study was to analyze rural households’ food security status and its determinants in Minjar Shenkora woreda of Central Ethiopia.

Materials and Methods: Data were collected from 240 randomly selected rural farm households. The study employed both descriptive statistics and a binary logistic regression model to estimate the status and determinants of households’ food security, respectively.

Results: The results showed that the mean dietary energy available for food secured households were 2,860.6 Kilo calorie per day while 1,891.7 Kilo calorie per day for the insecure group.The binary logit model results showed that education level, farm size, livestock ownership, cooperatives membership, off- farm income and credit access have positive and significant effects on household food security. While household size has a negative and significant effect on household food security.

Conclusion: It was concluded that interventions should target at improving rural financial services and off-farm activities that increase households’ income and focusing on those most significant variables when attempting to enhance household food security.


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