mohamed ahmed agrelnabi, Hassan Ibrahim Mohammed, Abdlkarim D Elfadil and Haithum R El Ramlawi
J. Agri. Res. Adv., 05 (02):01-05
mohamed ahmed agrelnabi: Agricultural engineering
Hassan Ibrahim Mohammed: Department of Agricultural Engineering-Collage of Agricultural Studies-Sudan University of Science and Technology.
Abdlkarim D Elfadil: Department of Agricultural Engineering, College of Agricultural Studies, Gezira University
Haithum R El Ramlawi: Department of Agricultural Engineering-Faculty of Agriculture - Gadaref University
Article History: Received on: 13-Dec-22, Accepted on: 25-Mar-23, Published on: 05-Apr-23
Corresponding Author: mohamed ahmed agrelnabi
Citation: Mohammed H, Elfadil A, Ramlawi H and Mohamed AG (2023). Assessment of sesame crop (Sesamum indicum L.) in reference to various techniques. J. Agri. Res. Adv., 05 (02):01-05
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the performance of sesame crop (Plant Height , Moisture Content , No Capsule/ plant, Seed weight , and Mean Yield)under three water harvesting techniques(tied furrows, semi-circular bund and contour basin "traditional terraces") assigned to the main plots, and three watering practices (fully-irrigated, supplemental irrigation and rain fed systems) assigned to sub-plot.
Materials and Methods: Water was applied from a farm reservoir "Hafir" to the field by a mobile gun sprinkler. Data on plant height (cm), number of capsules per plant, seed weight (mg), and seed yield (kg/ha) were recorded.
Results: Analysis of variance indicated that both water harvesting techniques and watering application practices significantly (p<0.05) improved sesame growth attributes and grain yield. The mean seed yield obtained from supplemental irrigated treatments (467.5 Kg/ha) is significantly higher by 29% than yield obtained with rain fed system (361.3 Kg/ha) and equivalent to 72% of that obtained with full irrigation (644.3 Kg/ha).
Conclusion: It was concluded that application of supplementary irrigation in congestion with semi-circular bund could be an important climate change adaptation strategy in areas with variable rain amount and bad distribution.
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