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Original research (Published On: 22-Jun-2022)

Effect of Alternate furrow irrigation with different irrigation intervals on yield, water use efficiency, and economic return of green Cob Maize (Zea mays) production at WayuTuka and Diga Dis

AdisuTadese and Lema Teklu

J. Agri. Res. Adv., 04 (02):08-17

AdisuTadese: Bako Agricultural Research Centre, Ethiopia

Lema Teklu: Bako Agricultural Research Centre, Ethiopia

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Article History: Received on: 22-Jan-22, Accepted on: 17-Jun-22, Published on: 22-Jun-22

Corresponding Author: AdisuTadese

Email: addisswem@gmail.com

Citation: Tadese A and Teklu L (2022). Effect of Alternate furrow irrigation with different irrigation intervals on yield, water use efficiency, and economic return of green Cob Maize (Zea mays) production at WayuTuka and Diga Dis. J. Agri. Res. Adv., 04 (02):08-17


Abstract

Aim: The main aim of this study was to investigate the effects of alternate furrow irrigation with different irrigation intervals on corn yield, irrigation water productivity, and economic return as compared with EFI (conventional method).

Materials and Methods: Normal irrigation interval was irrigation interval produced by CROPWAT model.  The experimental plot size was 45m2 (10m wide × 4.5m long). Each treatment included 7 furrows and 6 planting ridges (rows). Furrow spacing was 0.75 m. Space between plots been 1m and between replication 1.5 m. Space between rows 0.75m and 0.35cm between the plants was used. The experimental plot was pre-irrigated one day before planting.

Results: Results indicated that highest green cob yield 10733/ha and 10822/ha at Diga and 10044/ha and 10200/ha were obtained from AFI with normal irrigation interval treatment during two consecutive seasons whereas, low number are collected from Farmer practice (FP) treatments. However, highest water productivity (WP) values (3.42kg/m3, 3.45 kg/m3,3.55kg/m3 and 3.30kg/m3) were observed from AFI with extended irrigation interval at both locations during consecutive growing seasons. Irrigation water saved at Wayu Tuka under AFInorm and AFIextended treatments were approximately 50% and 60% respectively, as compared to the CFI treatment and 43.6 and 55.7% AFInorm and AFIextended treatments respectively at Diga site. However, under AFIextended yield reduction was observed as compared with AFInorm.

Conclusion: It was concluded that Alternate-furrow irrigation with normal irrigation interval can improve crop water productivity without the risk of yield reduction. Therefore, if low cost water is available and excess water delivery to the field does not require any additional expense, then the AFI normal irrigation interval treatment will essentially be the best choice under the study area conditions.


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