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Original research (Published On: 08-May-2023)

Effect of climate-smart agricultural practices on food security of rural farming households in southwest, Nigeria

Omotoso Abeeb and S.A Daud

J. Agri. Res. Adv., 05 (02):18-22

Omotoso Abeeb: Oyo State College of Agriculture and Technology, Nigeria

S.A Daud: Oyo State College of Agriculture and Technology, Nigeria

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Article History: Received on: 26-Jan-23, Accepted on: 29-Apr-23, Published on: 08-May-23

Corresponding Author: Omotoso Abeeb

Email: omotosoabeebtunde@yahoo.com

Citation: Daud SA, Adeoye A, Popoola OM, Oseni AB and Omotoso AB (2023). Effect of climate-smart agricultural practices on food security of rural farming households in southwest, Nigeria. J. Agri. Res. Adv., 05 (02):18-22


Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to identify various CSA practises and to determine the effect of CSA practices on food security status of rural farming households in Nigeria.

Materials and Methods: Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 480 rural farming households across three selected states in Southwest, Nigeria. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics - Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) and Logit regression analysis.

Results: The results revealed that the majority (76.0%) of the respondents were married, while mean age, household size and farm size were 47.1 years, 5.31 persons and 3.77 hectares respectively and 72.0% with income from farming less than $250. Crop diversification was the most practised CSA in the study area. Also, 57.95% of the farming households were food secured, while 42.05% were food insecure. The depth food insecure and severe food insecurity among the sampled farming households were 0.1913 and 0.0711 respectively. The logistic regression result showed that the food security status of rural farming households was significantly affected by gender, farm size, contact with extension agents and CSA practice.

Conclusion: It was concluded that the food security status of rural farming households in Nigeria was indeed influenced by CSA practised in crop farming. The adoption of CSA practices should be promoted and encouraged that will ensure agricultural sustainability in agrarian communities by mitigating the effect of climate change.


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