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Review article (Published On: 20-Dec-2022)

Genetic engineering for enhancement of crop productivity

Temesgen Begna

J. Agri. Res. Adv., 04 (04):01-08

Temesgen Begna: Plant breeding and Genetics

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Article History: Received on: 15-Jul-22, Accepted on: 06-Dec-22, Published on: 20-Dec-22

Corresponding Author: Temesgen Begna

Email: tembegna@gmail.com

Citation: Temesgen Begna (2022). Genetic engineering for enhancement of crop productivity. J. Agri. Res. Adv., 04 (04):01-08


Abstract

The importance of optimal nutrition for human health and development is well recognized. Crop yields are more impacted by adverse environmental factors than by pests and diseases, such as drought, flooding, excessive heat, and so forth. Finding methods to maintain high productivity under stress and developing crops with improved nutritional value are therefore two primary objectives of plant scientists. In order to satisfy the global need for high-quality foods, genetically modified crops may show to be effective complements to those made using traditional techniques. Genetically modified crops can be utilized to raise yields and nutritional quality as well as their tolerance to a variety of biotic and abiotic challenges. There have been some biosafety and health concerns raised in relation to genetically modified crops, but there is no reason to be worried about consuming products that have undergone rigorous development and thorough testing. The objective of achieving food security for both the present and future generations can be accomplished by integrating modern biotechnology with conventional agricultural practices in a sustainable manner. To fulfill the task of feeding the expanding global population, climate change adaptable crops must be developed. By inserting nucleic acid molecules produced by any method outside the cell into any virus, bacterial plasmid, or another vector system to enable their incorporation into a host organism in which they do not naturally occur but in which they are capable of continued propagation, genetic modification refers to the creation of new combinations of heritable material. One of the most common and controversial results of modern biotechnology is genetically engineered organisms. Recombinant DNA technology progress had followed the emergence of genetic mechanisms and biological variability. Recombinant DNA is produced synthetically by combining two or more DNA molecules into a single molecule. By increasing yield and reducing reliance on chemical pesticides and herbicides, genetically modified foods have the potential to address many of the world's hunger and malnutrition issues as well as contribute to environmental conservation and maintenance. Genetically modified plants can help commercial agriculture overcome a number of present problems. One of the most dynamic and innovative worldwide industries, the current market trends project benefits consumers, major national economies, and growers as well.


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