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Review article (Published On: 29-Sep-2022)

Health benefits and improvements of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Crop

Melaku Tafese Awulachew

J. Agri. Res. Adv., 04 (03):33-44

Melaku Tafese Awulachew: Melaku Tafese Awulachew* Food Science & Nutrition Research, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia *Corresponding E-mail: melakutafese12@gmail.com

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Article History: Received on: 15-Jul-22, Accepted on: 23-Sep-22, Published on: 29-Sep-22

Corresponding Author: Melaku Tafese Awulachew

Email: melakutafese12@gmail.com

Citation: Awulachew MT (2022). Health benefits and improvements of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Crop. J. Agri. Res. Adv., 04 (03):33-44


Abstract

Remarkable therapeutic and nutritional profile of medical plant fenugreek and its particular chemical composition count valuable as food and medicine. Significant quantity of fiber, phospholipids, glycolipids, oleic, linolenic, and linoleic acids, choline, vitamins A, B1, B2, and C, nicotinic acid, and niacin are all present in fenugreek seeds. In addition to its organoleptic qualities, fenugreek is incredibly nutritious and, when grown for both human food and fodder, has a positive impact on health. The seed of fenugreek has a high content of dietary fiber, which contributes significantly to its capacity to moderate the metabolism of glucose in digestive tracts and subsequently lowers the absorption of glucose in the intestines, so regulating blood sugar levels. The greater amount of soluble fiber in fenugreek makes it more effective at reducing blood sugar levels. When first introduced, its fiber greatly increased satiety and decreased energy intake, suggesting a short-term positive effect on obese people. It can thrive in a wide variety of environments and is only moderately sensitive to salinity and drought. These qualities and the potential for heavy metal remediation make fenugreek a good choice for a variety of cropping systems. Genetic diversity among various accessions may be mapped, and crop improvement and breeding initiatives may be started to enhance the biomass as well as the nutritional and functional components. This is to highlight the importance of fenugreek for both human and animal health in terms of nutrition, biochemistry, functionality, and medicine, as well as its pharmacological presumptions.


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