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Original research (Published On: 29-Jun-2019)

The effects of Calotropis procera, Adansonia digitata and Manihot esculenta in the remediation of soilborne fungal diseases of tomato

Peter M. Etaware

J. Agri. Res. Adv., 01 (02):28-37

Peter M. Etaware: Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

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Article History: Received on: 28-May-19, Accepted on: 17-Jun-19, Published on: 29-Jun-19

Corresponding Author: Peter M. Etaware

Email: peterparkers007@gmail.com

Citation: Etaware PM (2019). The effects of Calotropis procera, Adansonia digitata and Manihot esculenta in the remediation of soilborne fungal diseases of tomato. J. Agri. Res. Adv., 01 (02):28-37


Abstract

Aim: The main objective of the study was to evaluate efficacy Calotropis procera, Adansonia digitata, and Manihot esculenta in the remediation of soil-borne fungal diseases of Tomato.

Method and Materials: A biological screening for antifungal activities was conducted on 4 species of pathogenic fungi isolated from diseased tomato. Three plants (Calotropis procera, Adansonia digitata, and Manihot esculenta) were used for the treatment of soil-borne fungal diseases of Tomato.

Results: The Laboratory analysis showed that the plants extracts totally inhibited the growth of the pathogens (100%). In the field, C. procera was effective in inhibiting disease symptoms caused by Aspergillus glaucus, A. fumigatus and A. sclerotirium with a significant increase in some agronomic parameters of the tomato plants compared to the control set up (P<0.05). Other extracts had significant effects in the control of the induced disease too suggesting their usefulness in plant disease management.

Conclusion: The findings from this research concluded that bio-pesticides are as effective as chemicals to safeguard life and the environment, manufacturers of pesticide should be considered natural alternatives.


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